Did you know that the thickened areas of the skin (also called as corns) are caused due to constant pressure on your feet or excessive friction due to rubbing of fabric or shoes on your skin? The culprit in most cases is an ill-fitting shoe or friction inducing material. A podiatrist (Person who is qualified to diagnose and treat the condition) will evaluate the extent of damage and will recommend removal of corns if they can be extracted without harming the soft skin beneath the corn. Your podiatrist may also recommend you change your footwear or to attach padding to reduce friction as your walk.
Corn is a skin condition where the small patch turns thick due to the excess pressure or weight of the body in that region. On an average, corns will have a circular shape and when you attempt to touch, it can be painful and can progress to the deep layers of the skin if you leave it ignored.
There are two types of corns that can affect an individual:
1. Hard corns
It usually occurs on the top and edge of the toes where the friction is caused due to ill-fitting shoes and will have rough texture when you attempt touching it.
2. Soft corns
It is not hard in texture, but a soft corn is found in the areas that are more susceptible to sweat, especially the webbed spaces between the toe fingers where there is soft flesh. Since it occurs in the places that are more prone to sweating, there is a raised chance it could lead to infections.
What Causes Corns?
The bones in your toes are broad, lumpy in appearance and prone to friction and more contact with the skin itself that rests on these bones. So, when the pressure on the skin increases, it will cause the skin to thicken, this is how corn takes formation.
The usual reasons for the origination of such friction hot spots are due to the pressure on the areas from ill-fitting shoes where there is more contact with the skin. Especially places like the top of the toes and the sides of the little toe finger. If you are an active person who walks excessively or into sports, you are more prone to the corns than the others. It is also more prevalent among the members who are bony thin and when the skin is in frequent contact with the bones.
Treating The Corns
Corns must treated effectively by consulting a podiatrist (previously called as chiropodist). If you do not pay attention to it in the earlier stages, it may cause concerns. Also, you must not attempt to remove the corn yourself. It is not recommended and can be dangerous as it can lead to septic or infections. A podiatrist will evaluate your condition and decide if your corn needs removal because if you are old or have diabetes, you will be recommended other ways of dealing with the corn.
Learn How To Get Rid Of Corns On Toes?
The podiatrist will perform trimming of the dead skin that hardens to form corn. The trimming is usually a painless process and will ease the pain that you already may be experiencing due to the pressure on the soft skin beneath the corn. In some cases, a single trimming isn’t sufficient, and you will have to return for multiple trimming sessions for the treatment to work effectively. The trimming will be done in layers. Once you have trimmed the dead skin, you must take precaution to prevent the corn from returning. If your footwear is ill fitting, then you must compulsorily replace them with a breathable variety.
Remember, once you have pruned, it is never a guarantee it will never return again, but you can prevent it from reoccurring by frequently rubbing the hard skin areas with a pumice stone. You can do this process yourself effortlessly, but take care not to rub too hard and injure yourself. After the pruning, you must apply the skin moisturizer to keep the skin soft and supple.
2. Chemical Treatment
Corns can also be removed by the application of medications; it can be easily trimmed by applying the chemicals such as salicylic acid. This method helps you avoid risking an injury compared to direct scalping of corn. Salicylic acid is a prominent ingredient in the manufacture of wart removal product. Salicylic acid is keratolytic, and it is safe to be used on most skin types and is available in the form of drops, pads, and plasters. It is effecting in removing the corns because the corns are made of keratin (a protein composition of the skin)
These chemicals will soften your skin making them pale white in color before you prepare your skin for trimming. Once the skin is soft, the corn is pruned, it is essential to soften the skin to prevent any tiny corn fragments from sticking out so that it will be less painful. Use of salicylic acid can leave your skin slightly damaged. Hence, most doctors wouldn’t recommend this method to those patients suffering from diabetes as the skin will take longer to heal, which means you leave the opportunity open to infections. There is an upped risk of ulcer too.
3. Pay Attention To Footwear
Your shoe wearing habit has a significant role to play for you to get the corn, if you have been wearing a tight fitting shoe, it is time to retire them because you are doing umpteen amount of damage to your skin by preventing it from breathing well, and the friction from the shoe interiors rubbing against the skin is aggravating the harm and intensifying the corn growth. The purpose of buying the right fitting shoe is because they reduce the pressure on the sides and front of your feet. You shoe must be breathable to allow the circulation of blood and air. Hence, your foot must have sufficient space to rest freely. Also, a very loose fitting shoe will cause a lot of free movement within the footwear and may also cause friction.