Kidney stones have become one of the most common problems in the current times. The majority of the people are getting the kidney stones nowadays than ever before. The reason behind this factor is the wrong diet, consumption of impure water and many more. It is very important to avoid the kidney stones in the initial stages. Although, there is no great harm because of the kidney stones and they eventually automatically pass through the urine, it is good that you treat them as soon as possible. There are fair chances that they can get stuck in the kidney and cause complications inside your body. There will be many questions that may be going through your mind right now, for example, what are these kidney stones, how they are developed inside your body, how long does it take to pass a kidney stone, what are the cures (how to pass a kidney stone) and many more. However, don’t worry at all, in this article, we have penned down all the details related to the kidney stones. So, just read on and acquaint yourself about the causes, symptoms and types of kidney stones.
What Are These Kidney Stones?
The kidney stones, also known as the renal lithiasis, nephrolithiasis, can be described as the small and hard mineral deposits that are mostly formed inside the kidneys. Majority of the kidney stones are made up of the acid salts and minerals.
There are numerous ways through which these kidney stones can occur inside your kidney. The worst part of the kidney stones is that they can affect any part of your urinary tract, which can range from the kidneys to even your bladder. Most often, stones are formed when the urine becomes concentrated and allows minerals to crystallize and stick together.
When it comes to the passing of the kidney stones, it can be extremely painful; however, there is good news that these stones do not cause any permanent damage to your internal organs. In the majority of the cases, you just need to take some of the painkiller medications and drink water (more) so that the kidney stone can pass through comfortably. However, in some cases, for example, there are chances that the stone gets lodged into the urinary tract and starts causing complications, hence, in such case, you may need a surgery. In this situation, your doctor may recommend preventive treatment so that the risk of recurrent kidney stones can be reduced, if, in case you are at the increased risk of developing them again.
You will be amazed to know that these kidney stones may not cause any symptoms until they do not start moving around inside your kidney or even pass into your ureter. At this point, you may find numerous signs and symptoms. Some of these symptoms are as follows:
- Severe pain in the back areas beneath the ribs
- You can experience pain that can extend to the lower abdomen as well as groin
- You experience pain at regular intervals and the intensity can vary
- Pain during urination
- The urine will be of red, pink or brown color
- Foul-smelling or cloudy urine
- Vomiting and nausea
- Feel the urge to constantly urinate
- Urinate more often than the normal or cannot hold back urine
- In case of infection, you experience chills and fever
There may be times, the cause for pain can be due to shifting of location of the kidney stones or increase in intensity while they move around inside your urinary tract.
However, there are no definite and single causes of the kidney stones, but there are several different factors that can increase the risk. You will be amazed to know that the kidney stones are formed whenever your urine starts containing more crystal-forming substances, for example, oxalate, calcium and the uric acid. Sometimes, the urine may also lack ingredients that do not promote formation of crystals. However, this condition can also be a trigger for the formation of kidney stones.
Types Of Kidney Stones
If you are aware of the types of kidney stones, then it is extremely helpful in determining the cause and it may even give you the clues on how to reduce the complications. Therefore, let’s look at the different kinds of kidney stones.
The first kind of stone is the calcium stone. These are usually in the form of calcium oxalate. You will be amazed to know that the oxalate is primarily found in the food that includes some of the fruits and vegetables, nuts and chocolates etc.
These stones are formed in the response to some infection, which includes urinary tract. These stones can grow quickly and can become large without giving any symptoms or even warnings.
Uric Acid Stones
These stones are formed in people whose body can lose too much of fluid in sweat, do not drink the required amount of water, individuals who include high protein in their diet and in those who are suffering from gout disease.
How Long Can It Take To Pass A Kidney Stone?
Every single thing depends on the size of the stones. If the size of the stone is small, say 5 or 6 mm, then it will hardly take few days to a few weeks to pass through. However, if the stone size is a bit large and you are in good health, it may take up to six weeks to pass a stone.
How To Pass A Kidney Stone
Kidney stones can be removed by using various methods (surgery or by natural remedies), but it depends on the size of stone and the composition. As the name suggests, natural remedies are ways that do not use drugs, chemicals or surgical procedures for removing stones from the body. However, natural methods cannot eradicate existing stones (which are larger than 8mm). Larger stones can be removed by only surgical methods.
Drinking More Fluids
Drinking more water or fluid (such as juice) every day can assist in diluting the kidney and urinary bladder. The additional benefits are prevention of formation of small stones as well dissolve the stones so they can be removed from the body by urine. You can also include water rich foods in the diet such as teas, soups and fruits. Avoid drinks rich in caffeine or alcohol.
You can include tomatoes, blueberries, Brussels sprouts and asparagus in the diet as they are well-known diuretics and they trigger the kidneys to produce more urine.
Few Natural Remedies
Natural remedies have also been found effective in the treatment of small kidney stones. However, it is mandatory that you seek the guidance of a doctor.
Lemon Juice & Olive Oil
Three ounces of pure lemon juice can be mixed with three ounces of olive oil. Combine with 13 ounces of water to form a mixture. You can drink the mixture every hour till you get relief from pain.
The juice contains medicinal ingredients that act as a trigger for the kidneys to produce excess urine.
So, this article was all about the kidney stones. If you find that you have kidney stones, it is always advisable that you contact the doctor as soon as possible and get it checked by them, as proper treatment is very important in such cases.